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The Interesting Origins of Coin Silver in Antique Spectacles

If you collect or wear antique glasses from the 1800s, you will find glasses available in several different metals. Gold is the most common, followed by various types of steel and German silver (which is not actually silver) that had a silver-toned appearance.

But there were several pairs of antique glasses made from silver in the 19th century. They were still an alloy – pure silver is too malleable to stand up to regular wear as eyeglass frames – but had a high enough silver content to be classified as silver. Knowing more about the various types of silver used in antique glasses will give you a better understanding of their value and history.

Types of Silver for Eyeglasses

Silver-toned glasses were exceedingly popular in the 1800s, and many of the antique glasses you can find today have a silver appearance. To create this look, glasses makers may have used one of the following materials:

  • Sterling Silver – Named for the Pound Sterling used as British currency, this is the standard for most silver used in jewelry, silverware, and other silver items. It is 92.5% silver. Considered luxurious, Sterling silver would have been rare in eyeglasses, but ideal for pince nez or opera glasses.
  • German Silver – German silver was an alloy of copper, nickel, and zinc. It was affordable to make and looked almost the same as silver, but did not bend or tarnish as easily as Sterling silver would.
  • Common Steel – Steel is made by adding carbon to iron, creating a shiny silver material that is far stronger than silver and much more affordable. This was a popular material for many silver-looking eyeglasses in the Civil War era.

The other option for silver glasses was coin silver. Throughout history, many cultures used coins made of silver or a silver alloy. When a person had more coins than they needed, it was common practice to take the coins to a silversmith who could melt them down and remake them as vases, silverware, and other objects of value. The objects could be turned back into coins if necessary, and in the meantime providing a useful object that displayed the owner’s wealth.

Coin silver in America was slightly different. Because the U.S. did not have its own source of silver until the discovery of the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, all silver had to be imported at a high cost. Silver coins, therefore, were made of 90% silver and 10% copper to minimize silver usage.

Silver was also not affordably available for silversmiths, or glasses makers who wanted silver frames. The better option for these craftsmen was to buy silver coins or other items made of coin silver and melt them down to produce the raw materials needed to make glasses frames.

By the time Sterling silver became a possibility for American silversmiths and glasses manufacturers, steel and aluminum had already supplanted silver for use in glasses. The materials were cheaper to produce, more durable, and a preferred choice for glasses wearers.

The type of silver or silver look-alike alloy in a pair of antique spectacles will play a role in the value of the glasses, as well as their longevity. Silver is luxurious, but steel and aluminum are resistant to tarnishing and will not bend as easily.

If you are searching for the perfect pair of silver frame glasses from the 1800s, Eyeglasses Warehouse has a wide selection of Civil War era glasses and wire rim glasses in silver tones to help find the right pair of antique spectacles.

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Understanding the Different Conditions of Vintage Glasses

As you look for vintage glasses online, you are likely to come across a few different terms used to describe their condition such as “new old stock” and “deadstock.” You may also wonder what more familiar terms like “excellent,” “good,” and “fair” mean when it comes to classes.

Although there will be some variations between sellers, this outlines approximately what you can expect from the quality of your vintage glasses. It is also important to understand when you want a pair of glasses that are attractive and sturdy enough for everyday wear and when you want to make sure you are paying a fair price.

Vintage Eyeglass Conditions

Quality guidelines are general categories for vintage clothing and accessories like eyeglasses. Those in standard usage include:

  • New Old Stock – Also called “NOS” or “deadstock,” these glasses have never been worn. They may have been leftover pairs from opticians that were never sold, or be a second pair that the owner never wore.
  • Excellent – Many wire and even plastic frame vintage glasses used high quality materials that have survived in nearly like new condition until today. This is particularly true when the glasses were only worn rarely or for a short time.
  • Good – Glasses that were regularly worn may show some signs of wear, discoloration, or have some scratching on the frames. This usually does not affect their wearability, but instead shows off their history.
  • Fair – Some vintage glasses are no longer wearable, but they can still be fascinating to look at and collect. These glasses may be bent, missing hardware, or have cracked frames.

New old stock glasses will not necessarily be in the same perfect condition as a pair of modern glasses you might buy today. Many of these vintage glasses are over 50 years old. Even if they sat untouched in a box all that time, the plastic frames may still have shrunk, warped, or changed color because of age or storage conditions.

Some deadstock vintage glasses may not have been sold because they have a small flaw. Usually, this is something that would have been a problem for a buyer at the time, but might be worth it today to get the right pair of antique glasses. A small flaw can also add character.

If you are buying vintage eyeglasses online, you should also pay attention to any description of the individual item. This can often be more revealing than a general condition since it will often describe specific problems.

Buying vintage glasses in good condition also requires purchasing from a trusted seller. Eyeglasses Warehouse is the leading online retailer of vintage glasses. Each of our glasses frames is carefully selected before our team cleans and restores them to the best possible condition to make them ready for you to wear.

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What to Look for When Buying Vintage Glasses

Vintage glasses are becoming more and more popular. They are a fun accessory to add to daily wardrobe, offering a retro look with maybe a bit of history. They are also a must for costumes, television shows, movies, and theatre.

If you are looking to get your first pair of vintage glasses, this advice can help you figure out to how to start your search and what to look for before you purchase to help you get the perfect pair of vintage glasses.

Choose the Right Glasses

Glasses have been around for centuries and the world of vintage glasses includes hundreds of different styles, shapes, and materials. You can narrow down your search when you have a better idea of what you want. Start by considering how you will use the glasses and what styles appeal to you. Some styles are better for daily wear while a costume may need a particular style. The most popular vintage glasses styles are:

  • Civil War Era Glasses – True antique glasses, spectacles from the late 1800s have small frames and lenses and are generally made of metal.
  • Gold Rim Glasses – Gold rim glasses are a great vintage style. You can choose from round glasses, oval glasses, square glasses, and ovoid glasses.
  • Cat Eye Glasses – Most popular in the 1950s and 60s, cat eye glasses for women have a dramatic upsweep and fun embellishments.
  • Horn Rimmed Glasses – Horn rimmed glasses have thick frames made from tortoise shell, animal horn, or plastic, and come in many shapes.

Beyond these styles, there are colors, brands, and decades that can further refine your search. Looking at pictures of glasses from different decades can help you get an idea of what your favorite retro glasses are.

How to Find Quality Glasses

If you are buying in person – say you found some glasses at an antique store, garage sale, or vintage store – you will want to check the quality before you purchase. Look for:

  • Plastic that has cracks or crazing.
  • Bent frames or temples.
  • Plastic that is discolored.
  • Metal plating that is worn away.
  • Missing hardware like screws or nose pads.

These signs could mean that the pair of glasses is more likely to break or they might make it difficult to add your own lenses, so it may be best to continue your search for glasses.

Another way to find vintage glasses in good condition is to shop on Eyeglasses Warehouse. All of our glasses are hand selected and we take care to describe the quality so that you can be sure you are getting a beautiful pair of antique glasses that will last for years.

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How Did Aviator Glasses Become Popular

Aviators are one of the most recognized styles for of sunglasses. From their popularity in the 1970s to the contemporary appearances in cop shows and celebrities, these grasses have become synonymous with cool.

But before aviators were the ultimate fashion accessory, they were created for a completely utilitarian purpose. Read on to find out more about how aviator glasses transformed from a military project to popular eyewear for men and women.

Invention of Aviator Sunglasses

In the 1930s, the US Army Air Corps, the precursor to the Air Force, needed an alternative to traditional pilot’s goggles. These bulky goggles fogged out when flying and did not block blue sky and sun rays, causing pilots to get distracted while they were flying.

Several different optical manufacturers partnered with the military to make a lightweight pair of sunglasses that would keep out sunlight, not fog up, and stay on low flying. They also had to fit under helmets and other flight gear.

The company with the best design was Bausch & Lomb, who named their sunglasses Ray-Bans, since they blocked light rays. B&L created a design that had large lenses, similar to goggles, that tapped at the bottom with temples that held the glasses close to the face. The sunglasses lenses had a special anti-reflective coating and were connected by a dual wire bridge for extra stability.

Recognizing the potential commercial possibilities of these new glasses, Bausch & Lomb redesigned them with a metal frame and launched them to the public in 1938 under the name Aviators after their pilot heritage.

Aviators Rise to Popularity

Photographs in WWII depicted daring pilots and esteemed generals like Douglas MacArthur in aviators. When the war ended, post-victory enthusiasm prompted the American public to embrace military styles in the 1950s, including wearing Ray-Ban aviators.

While Ray-Ban aviators remained a classic over the following decades and are still popular today, other brands quickly moved to produce trendy aviator glasses in the 1950s. These included:

  • ArtCraft
  • Shuron
  • American Optical

Over the next decades, aviator styles would expand with aviator glasses for women, plastic frame aviator glasses, and aviator eyeglasses.
Today you can find vintage aviators in retro styles ranging from military aviators to fashion glasses. Start your search for retro aviators at Eyeglasses Warehouse with our large selection of glasses from the 1950s, 60s, and 70s.

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How to Clean Antique Wire Frame Glasses

Antique glasses with gold wire frames, silver wire frames, or other metal frames are a unique accessory. Like any pair of eyeglasses, they require some general maintenance to keep them looking their best. Correct handling and regular cleaning to remove dust and oils is a necessary step of eyewear maintenance, including vintage spectacles.

Before you rush into cleaning and polishing, it is important to remember that your antique eyeglasses are likely already decades or even more than 100 years old. They were made to be durable, but these older materials have some special care requirements to prevent degrading the metal wires. By following these steps, you can keep your antique glasses looking their best for several lifetimes.

Cleaning Vintage Glasses with Wire Frames

The most effective way to avoid dirt on your glasses is to practice care. Storing your glasses in their case when not in use and avoiding handling them when you have dirt on your hands reduces the amount of debris your glasses will come into contact with. But regular wear is going to expose your glasses to different dust  in your environment, as well as the oils on your skin and in your hair. This grime can cause wire frame glasses to look dull.

Cleaning needs to be gentle. Some Civil War era wire frame glasses and 1900s glasses are gold plated, and rough cleaning can wear away the plating. Antique glasses made of gold or silver can also be susceptible to scratching.

To safely clean your glasses without damaging the frames, use these steps:

  • Mix Water and Dish Soap – Add a few drops of dish soap to a bowl of warm water. The dish soap is gentle enough for gold, silver, steel and other metals, but will cut through the grease that builds up on glasses frames.
  • Soak Your Glasses – Soak your glasses for several a couple of hours or overnight in the water and soap mixture to break down oils.
  • Rinse the Glasses – After removing them from the bowl of water and soap, rinse your glasses with more warm water to get rid of any remaining soapy residue.
  • Wipe Your Glasses – Use a soft, clean towel to wipe off any lingering oils or dust. You will want to move in the direction from the outside of the temples towards the bridge since most of the oil is on the temples. A microfiber towel works especially well for this as it will not scratch the frame.

How frequently you should clean your glasses depends on how often you wear them. If antique glasses are your daily prescription glasses, a weekly or bi-weekly cleaning will keep them in good shape. For those who wear their wire frame glasses only for occasional Civil War reenactments or costumes, cleaning them after use and before storage is best.

You can polish your glasses from time to time with jewelry polish, but it should be done infrequently. Too much polish can wear away at the sensitive metals and lead to noticeable damage.

Vintage glasses from the 1800s and early 1900s are a fascinating addition to any wardrobe or costume, and regular cleaning will help you enjoy them for decades more. If you are still looking for your perfect pair of antique wire frame glasses, be sure to check out our selection of wire rim glasses at Eyeglasses Warehouse.

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A Study of Metals for Vintage Wire Frame Glasses

When looking for vintage spectacles from the 1800s and the first half of the 1900s, metal wire frame glasses will likely be the style you see most often. Metal was the material of choice among opticians in the 19th and 20th centuries. It was durable and simple to manufacture. Until plastics came about in the mid-1900s, metal was also one of the most affordable options.

Today, gold, silver, and other metal rimmed glasses have an antique look that makes them one of a kind accessories. Learn about the different metals used in manufacturing vintage glasses to help you choose which style is right for you.

Types of Metals Used for Wire Rim Glasses

Gold and silver had been commonly used metals in accessories and glasses for centuries, and remained popular. They were highly obtainable, relatively inexpensive, and easily shaped into the round glasses or oval glasses common at the time.

But recent advances in chemical science at the beginning of the 1800s had created other metals that were even more affordable and versatile than gold and silver for eyeglasses. These included:

  • Brass – A mixture of copper and zinc, brass has an almost golden color. Brass eyeglasses were more inexpensive than gold.
  • German Silver – Invented in 1829, German silver looks like genuine silver, but is actually composed of nickel, copper, and zinc. It was cheaper and more durable than silver, making German silver glasses popular.
  • Common Steel – Steel contains carbon and iron. Steel glasses were common for their durability and often look like silver.
  • Blued Steel – The bluing process uses an oxidized layer to keep the steel from rusting, and gives the metal a blue coloring. Blued steel eyeglasses are often from the Civil War era.

Gold and silver frames were typically alloys to make them affordable and provide structural stability since both metals are easily bendable. A popular silver alloy was known as “coin silver,” which you will often find when looking for antique silver glasses. It consists of 80 to 90% silver and the remainder copper.

Tortoiseshell and animal horn were alternatives to wire, but they did not offer the same durability as metals. This meant they were less frequently used during the 19th and early 20th centuries, and even fewer pairs of vintage tortoiseshell glasses from that time have survived.

How Wire Eyeglasses Frames Were Constructed

For brass and steel frames, the optical manufacturer would shape the commercially made wire into the desired shapes for eye wires, temples, and bridge. With gold and silver, however, there were various options for making the wire, and each method would produce glasses with different price ranges and durability.

The first method was “filled” wire. Gold filled wire was made by layering dozens of thin sheets of either 10k or 25k gold around each other until the wire reached the needed thickness. 

The alternative was silver plate or gold plate glasses. The interior of the hardware would be an inexpensive alloy like steel or brass and the outside was covered with a thin layer of gold or silver. Often more affordable, the plate would often begin to rub off on these glasses after years of use.

At Eyeglasses Warehouse, our selection of authentic antique wire frame glasses includes wire frame glasses in a variety of metals, shapes, and sizes with an inventory that is always changing. If you are looking for metal frame eyeglasses, start by browsing our selection today.

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Sunglasses in the 19th Century

Glasses designed to reduce either the intensity of the sun’s rays or the exposure to them have been around for centuries, but it wasn’t until the 1920s when sunglasses became a stylish accessory. In the 1800s, sunglasses were only for health and sunlight reduction.

The first use of tinted glass in glasses was likely in the mid-1750s by British optician James Ayscough used green and blue glass as a means to help improve vision in standard eyeglasses. By the 1800s, opticians and ophthalmologists were using tinted glass of several different colors to help protect their patients’ eyes from harsh sunlight.

Uses of Sunglasses in the 1800s

Rather than being fashionable, sunglasses began the 19th century as a sign of old age or illness when they were most often worn by people whose eyes were too sensitive for exposure to sunlight. Syphilis patients were the first to have colored glasses prescribed. Light sensitivity is a symptom of syphilis, as is deterioration of the nose. Tinted glasses could dull sunlight and the bridge of the glasses provided a convenient place to attach a metal nose.

Elderly people or those who were blind or suffered a visual impairment frequently wore glasses with colored lenses in the 1800s to help reduce discomfort. Throughout the 19th century, some doctors also suggested that different colors of lenses could have health benefits for the wearer.

By the 1850s, the use of tinted glasses was more widespread. Coquille glasses with colored lenses became popular with women and men, and were imported in mass from abroad, often cheaply as they were made with inexpensive steel frames. During the Civil War, soldiers commonly wore Coquilles to help protect their eyes while marching.

The majority of 19th-century sunglasses kept the same shape as other glasses of the era. Straight temple sunglasses, sliding temple sunglasses, and turn-pin sunglasses were all available. One possible addition was the use of double lenses that would fold out to the sides for extra protection.

With sunglass styles mirroring eyeglass styles in the 1800s, our customers at Eyeglasses Warehouse can create a pair of vintage sunglasses by fitting their antique glasses with colored lenses in blue, green, grey, or yellow shades. We carry a wide variety of refurbished 19th century eyeglass styles here on our site that can be the basis of your antique sunglasses.

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About Our 1930s Glasses

The 1930s saw the continuation of the development of vintage eyewear from the early 20th era of pince nez, thin wire frame glasses and windsor style John Lennon glasses, into the stronger, more decorated 20’s and 1930s glasses that would eventually lead to vintage frames as more of a fashion accessory and less of a medical device.

Throughout the 1930s women’s glasses had much more detailed etchings and engravings than did 1930s men’s glasses. Men’s 1930’s eyeglasses were much more plain and simple. The ones with engravings were more simple and linear. Women’s 1930s eyeglasses were fancier and more decorative.

1930s vintage eyeglass frames

The modern nose pad, as opposed to the saddle bridge, had the effect that frames were now larger than they were before nose pads were invented. 1930s vintage eyeglass frames were on average 1/4 to 1/2 an inch wider than earlier antique eyeglasses.

1930s Sunglasses

Another one of the advances of this decade was 1930s sunglasses. The emergence of 1930s style men’s sunglasses, as well as women’s vintage 1930s sunglasses, was a big deal in a brand new world of mass-produced vintage sunglasses and these frames continued to evolve from their modest beginnings until they reached peak popularity with B&L 1930s sunglasses.

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About Our 1920s Glasses

During the 1920s eyeglasses went through many shifts and changes in mechanism and style.

Prior to the 1920s glasses did not have nose pads. They had saddle bridges which sat directly on the nose. During the 1920s eyeglasses started appearing with nose pads as we know them. They haven’t left since.

Another one of the changes introduced to vintage 1920s glasses was the introduction of gender to vintage eyewear. Antique eyeglasses had been seen as a medical device and therefore gender neutral. As eyewear started becoming more fashionable they started making them gender specific. 1920s mens glasses and 1920s womens glasses.

1920s vintage eyeglass frames were sturdier than the frames in the decades before. They were made of a thicker material and with improved manufturing techniques.

1920s style eyeglasses make a great fashionable statement. EyeglassesWarehouse.com has a large selection of 1920s mens glasses as well as 1920s womens glasses. We also have a large selection of retro glasses for men and women.

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About 1940s Glasses

At EyeglassesWarehouse.com we have a large selection of 1940s glasses. During the 1940’s there were a few kinds of vintage eyeglasses that were popular. There were wire rimmed glasses in both gold and silver. There were rimless vintage glasses in gold and silver. The 1940s was also the beginning of the era of cat eye glasses which was expanded upon later in the 1950s and 1960s.

Many vintage 1940s eyeglass frames are fulvue glasses, which means the frames meet the temples in the corner and not in the center as had been common until then. 1940s Men’s glasses were pretty similar to 1940s female glasses in style and type, with the difference in etched design patterns being one of the only things differentiating these vintage frames.

We have a large selection of 1940s Men’s glasses as well as 1940s glasses for Women. Whether you are looking for 1940’s glasses WW2 era glasses, or fulvue glasses, we are sure to have something to meet your needs.